A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s naturally clear lens. When the lens becomes cloudy, the light reaching the retina is blocked, and vision is affected.
Who is at Risk for Cataract?
A cataract is usually an old age disease. 90% of patients are over 60 years old. However, cataracts can be seen in all age groups. For example, a child may be born with cataracts, called a congenital cataracts, or develop them at an early age. A cataract may also occur in children, in young people, or in case of eye trauma or the use of steroids.
Most commonly cataract is age-related with no specific reason.
Cataracts develop from a variety of reasons, including long-term ultraviolet exposure, exposure to radiation, and secondary effects of diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and advanced age. Genetic factors often cause congenital cataracts and positive family history may also play a role. Cataracts may also be produced by eye injury, previous eye surgery, or physical trauma.
Cataract causes a decrease in vision. The symptoms of a cataract develop slowly and are painless. It is often first diagnosed during a routine eye exam. The common symptoms of cataracts are painless blurring of vision, light sensitivity, and colors looking faded or yellow. Especially near vision is affected commonly and the patient also feels difficulty in night driving.
Most age-related cataracts progress gradually over a period of years. Other cataracts, especially in younger people and people with diabetes, may progress rapidly over a short time. It is not possible to predict exactly how fast cataracts will develop in any given person. How quickly the cataract develops varies among individuals and may even differ between the two eyes. Cataracts don’t spread from one eye to the other, but many people have cataracts in both eyes.
There are many misconceptions about cataracts. A cataract is not a film over the eye. A cataract does not spread from one eye to the other, nor is it a cause of irreversible blindness.
By performing a thorough eye examination, an ophthalmologist can detect the presence of a cataract.
No medications or dietary supplements have been shown to prevent or cure cataracts. Wearing sunglasses that screen out ultraviolet light can slow the growth of a cataract. Cataract surgery is the only way a cataract can be removed. Improved vision is the result in most cases unless there is a problem with the cornea, retina, optic nerve, or other structures.
Cataract surgery can be performed when the patient’s visual needs require it. If symptoms of cataracts are not bothering, surgery may not be needed. In such a case, a simple change in eyeglass prescription will help. Prior to the cataract surgery, the measurements are essential to determine the proper power of the intraocular lens that will be placed in the eye. During cataract surgery, the eye surgeon uses ultrasound waves to break up the cloudy lens, so the pieces can then be removed through a narrow hollow suction tube. This procedure is called phacoemulsification (PHACO). After the lens is removed, a permanent intraocular lens is implanted. Since the incision is small, no suture is needed.
We at visionX prefer cataract surgery in a very comfortable and sterilized environment without peri-ocular injections and we offer the best mono-focal and trifocal IOLs at very competent charges.
As the intraocular implantation of IOL is a one-time procedure we always recommend choosing the high profile IOLs to ensure quality vision.
In routine monofocal IOLs are chosen by patients for which they have to use Reading glasses after cataract surgery or also far glasses if they have pre-op astigmatism.
We at visionX also offer the premium Tri Focal IOLs or Toric IOLs if one wants to get rid of their glasses for both Near and Far glasses.
VisionX Laser and Eye Clinic are comprised of the best eye doctors in Lahore. We have vast experience in diagnosing and treatment of routine and rare eye diseases. We have the best eye surgeon in Lahore and the best eye surgeons that are skilled enough for ensuring the best visual and surgical results.
We claim the best eye center in Lahore and one of the state of the art best eye hospital in Lahore that is equipped with the latest machinery and great ambiance. VisionX Laser and Eye Clinic comprise all diagnostic services and Lasers and you can get all eye-related services under one roof at very affordable prices.
If you are near Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Centre or live nearby you can easily locate us by searching best eye surgeon near me or the best eye center in Lahore.